Historical term for a chronic, but fluctuating, disorder beginning in early life and characterized by recurrent and multiple somatic complaints not apparently due to physical illness. This diagnosis is not used in contemporary practice.

The recommended herbs are:

  • Radix Bupleuri,
  • Radix Angelicae Sinensis,
  • Fructus Jujubae,
  • Radix Rehmanniae,
  • Cortex Moutan,
  • Rhizoma Cyperi,
  • Rhizoma Pinelliae,
  • Radix Codonopsis, etc.